Types of diplomas

In Ukrainian higher education, students can get the following diplomas:

Please note: Ukrainian higher education institutions do not have a division between higher professional education (HBO) and research-oriented higher education (WO), in the way Dutch institutions have. The content of the subjects can tell you whether a study programme is or . We check this for each diploma.

Changes in higher education

Higher education in Ukraine is changing. In 2005, educational institutions started to introduce bachelor's and master's programmes. Students cannot start a number of study programmes anymore, but they can still finish them.

As a result, the following diplomas are slowly disappearing:

You can find more information about higher education on the ENIC Ukraine website.

Junior bachelor

Please note that there is also a professional junior bachelor (fakhovi molodshi bakalavr - фаховий молодший бакалавр) that does not fall under higher education.

We compare a Diplom molodshogo bakalavra - Диплом молодшого бакалавра to an associate degree or 2 years of HBO.

Bachelor

  • : 3 to 4 years (180-240 ECTS).
  • Content: research-oriented or profession-oriented education. This depends on the field of study. Sometimes a thesis or a project.
  • Admission requirements: the Svidotstvo pro zdobuttia povnoi zagalnoi serednioi osviti (Certificate of complete general secondary education) or the Junior bachelor diploma. Someone with a junior bachelor diploma gets exemptions and can finish the bachelor's programme faster.
  • Function of the diploma: access to a master's programme or work.
  • Diploma: Diplom bakalavra - Диплом бакалавра (Bachelor diploma). If the student received the diploma with high marks, the diploma is called Diplom bakalavra z vidznakoyu - Диплом бакалавра з вiдзнакою (Bachelor diploma with distinction).

We compare a Diplom bakalavra - Диплом бакалавра (with or without distinction) to an HBO bachelor’s degree or a WO bachelor’s degree. This depends on the content of the study programme.

Master

  • Duration: 1½ or 2 years (90 or 120 ECTS).
    • Profession-oriented master’s programmes last 1½ or 2 years.
    • Research-oriented master's programmes always last 2 years.
  • Content: research-oriented or profession-oriented education. In the case of research-oriented master's programmes, students must spend at least 30% of their time working on their thesis.
  • Admission requirements: the Diplom bakalavra (Bachelor diploma).
  • Function of the diploma: access to a doctoral programme (PhD) or work.
  • Diploma: Diplom magistra - Диплом магiстра (Master diploma). If the student received the diploma with high marks, the diploma is called Diplom magistra z vidznakoyu - Диплом магiстра з вiдзнакою (Master diploma with distinction).

We compare a Diplom magistra - Диплом магiстра (with or without distinction) to a WO master’s degree or an HBO master’s degree. This depends on the content of the study programme.

Integrated master's programmes

For a number of fields of study, there are only integrated master's programmes: the programme is a combination of a bachelor's and a master's programme. The student only receives a master's degree and does not receive a bachelor's degree. This is the case, for example, for study programmes in medicine, pharmacy, dentistry and veterinary medicine.

Please note: until recently, students received a Diplom specialista (specialist diploma) after completing these study programmes.

Doktor filosofii

The doktor filosofii programme started in 2016. It replaces the old candidate of science programme.

  • : 4 years.
  • Content: half to 1 full year of research-oriented education (30-60 ECTS). Students also do research and they write and defend their dissertation.
  • Admission requirements: the Diplom magistra (Master diploma).
  • Diploma: Diplom doktora filosofii - Диплом доктора філософії (Doctor of philosophy/PhD diploma).

Doktor mistetstva

There is also a doctoral programme in the arts. It takes 3 years and leads to the diploma Diplom doktora mistetstva - Диплом доктора мистецтва (Doctor of arts).

Junior specialist

The final junior specialist programme started in 2019. Since 2020, students can only start with the junior bachelor programme.

We usually compare a Diplom molodshogo spetsialista - Диплом молодшого спеціаліста to an associate degree or 2 years of HBO. It depends on the content and duration of the study programme.

Specialist

The last specialist programmes started in 2016. These days, students can only start bachelor’s or master’s programmes.

  • :
    • 4-6 years (240-360 ECTS), after secondary school. The most common duration was 5 years. A specialist programme in medicine lasted 6 years, some teacher training programmes 4 years.
    • 1-1½ years (60-90 ECTS) after a bachelor's degree.
  • Content: profession-oriented research-oriented or profession-oriented education. Sometimes students had to write a thesis, but they always finished the programme with state exams. The diploma always mentioned a professional qualification, for instance civil engineer or English teacher.
  • Admission requirements: the Atestat pro povnu zagalnu seredniu osvitu (Certificate of complete general secondary education) or a Diplom bakalavra (Bachelor diploma) for access to the last year or 1½ years of a specialist programme.
  • Function of the diploma: access to a doctoral programme (PhD) or work.
  • Diploma: Diplom spetsialista - Диплом спеціаліста (Specialist diploma). If the student received the diploma with high marks, the diploma is called Diplom spetsialista z vidznakoyu - Диплом спеціаліста з вiдзнакою (Specialist diploma with distinction).

We compare a 5-year Diplom spetsialista - Диплом спеціаліста to a WO bachelor’s degree or an HBO master’s degree. This depends on the content of the study programme.

The level of a 4- or 6-year Diplom spetsialista - Диплом Спеціаліста varies. Please contact us for a credential evaluation.

Candidate of science

The last candidate of science programmes started in 2015. These days, students can only start a doctor filosofii or a doctor mistetstva programme.

Entrance exams

For admission to a Ukrainian university, students must have the secondary school diploma, the Svidotstvo pro zdobuttia povnoi zagalnoi serednioi osviti. They also have to pass the entrance exams. These exams are called: Zovnishne nezalezhne otsinnovannya (ZNO) - Зовнішне незалежне оціннованя (external independent testing).

Students who pass the entrance exams will receive a certificate. If you want to study abroad, you do not have to take these entrance exams. That is why we usually do not see any certificates of entrance exams in the Netherlands.

There have been many changes in the entrance exams. In recent years, the state exams taken in secondary school have been part of the entrance exams for higher education. The state exams are part of the secondary school programme.