Levels in vocational education
Vocational education, or technical vocational education (profesiyna of profesiyno-tekhnichna osvita - професійнa (професійно-технічнa) освітa), has 3 different levels in Ukraine:
- 1st level: a study programme of 1 year.
- 2nd level: a study programme of 1½ to 4 years, this depends on previous education.
- 3rd level: a study programme of 2 years after secondary education.
Content of the study programmes
Professional junior bachelor
Next to technical vocational education, there is a professional junior bachelor's programme (fakhovi molodshi bakalavr - фаховий молодший бакалавр). This study programme is not part of higher education, but belongs to the type of education that comes before it: 'professional prehigher education'.
The duration of a professional junior bachelor's programme is:
- 4 years after 9 years of primary education; or
- to 3 years after 11 years of general education (12 years in the new system).