In Pakistan, secondary vocational education is part of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET). The National Vocational & Technical Training Commission (NAVTTC) controls the TVET.

Types of study programmes

There are many types of study programmes in Pakistani secondary vocational education. The study programmes vary in terms of their admission requirements, duration, content and transfer entitlements. You will need information about this in order to determine the level of a qualification.

You can find an overview of study programmes on the NAVTTC website.

Diploma programme

In Pakistani secondary vocational education, many students choose a Diploma programme.

  • Duration: 2 to 3 years.
  • Content: often technical study programmes (engineering or technology) or study programmes in business and economics (commerce). Students usually take exams administered by a Board of Technical Education. Other fields of study are also possible, sometimes with exams administered by a different kind of board.
  • Admission requirements: usually a Secondary School Certificate or a Matriculation Certificate. Sometimes schools have extra requirements, such as certain subjects and/or grades.
  • Function of the diploma: work or sometimes admission to higher education.
  • Diploma: Diploma in/of + name of field of study. Usually, a Board of Technical Education issues the Diploma. Examples are the Diploma in Commerce and the Diploma of Associate Engineer.

We compare the Diploma in Commerce to an MBO diploma level 2.

We compare the Diploma of Associate Engineer to an MBO diploma level 3 or 4. This depends on the content of the study programme.

Exams administered by a board

Usually, students take exams administered by a Board of Technical Education (BTE) with which their educational institution is affiliated. In the province of Punjab, for instance, the board is called the Punjab Board of Technical Education, Lahore.

For the content of the exams, boards follow guidelines from the NAVTTC. The boards issue the official diploma and transcript, rather than the educational institution itself.

    Diploma evaluation

    For a diploma evaluation, it is important to investigate whether students are required to take an exam administered by a board. This is usually the case with technical and medical study programmes and study programmes for a regulated profession. This information can be found online on:

    • the website of the educational institution;
    • the website of the government of the Pakistani province (where the student is pursuing the study programme).

    Want to know more?

    Do you have questions about secondary vocational education in Pakistan? Contact the SBB, the expertise centre for foreign qualifications and study programmes at VMBO and MBO level.