Types of study programmes

Vocational education and training study programmes vary in terms of their admission requirements, duration, content and transfer entitlements. You will need information about this in order to determine the level of a qualification. Some qualifications provide admission to bachelor’s programmes, while others do not. Moreover, the admission requirement is usually a Standard X diploma. On completion of lower secondary education, many students choose to pursue a Diploma study programme after obtaining their Standard X diploma.


  • Duration: usually 3 years.
  • Inhoud: often technical study programmes (engineering) or (technology). Students sit exams from a state board (or an equivalent).
  • Admission requirements: usually a Standard X diploma (or an equivalent).
  • Diploma: Diploma in + the name of the field of study. The Diploma is awarded by a state board (or an equivalent).

We usually compare the Diploma awarded by a state board (or an equivalent) obtained after a Standard X diploma, to a MBO diploma level 4.

Please note: there are also Diploma study programmes that students can pursue after obtaining the Standard XII diploma. In that case, they will have completed upper secondary education first. See Other diplomas in higher education for more information about these Diploma study programmes.

Board exams

Occasionally, students take exams administered by a state board (or an equivalent) in a specific discipline. For technical study programmes offered in the state of Punjab, for instance, the board is called the Punjab State Board of Technical Education and Industrial Training. Students are then awarded a diploma from that board, rather than from the educational institution itself. This is often the case with technical and medical study programmes and study programmes that prepare pupils for a regulated profession.

Credential evaluation

For a credential evaluation, it is important to investigate whether students are required to take an exam conducted by a state board (or an equivalent), and if so, which board that is. This information can be found online on:

  • the website of the stand-alone institution;
  • the website of the government of the Indian state (where the student is pursuing the study programme).

Types of educational institutions

There are various types of educational institutions where students can pursue study programmes, including industrial training institutes and polytechnics.

Want to know more?

Do you have questions about Indian secondary vocational education? Contact the SBB, the expertise centre for foreign diplomas and study programmes at VMBO and MBO level.