Educational institutions and study programmes
Indian educational institutions and study programmes
Below, we explain what types of educational institutions and study programmes there are in India. We also explain how we check whether these are recognised and/or accredited. We check the and to make sure that the quality is sufficient. We give the necessary information per educational sector.
The government of a country grants an official status to an educational institution and/or study programme. Usually, if the government recognises an educational institution, all its study programmes are also recognised. However recognition may also be arranged at the programme level. This means that the government must recognise not only the educational institution, but also its study programmes. We only evaluate diplomas from recognised institutions and recognised study programmes. Read more about recognition in the EAR manual.
An organisation checks and assesses the quality of education. Usually the accreditation is valid for a certain period. In some countries, accreditation is compulsory, in others it is voluntary. The government of a country often appoints one or more organisations responsible for accrediting institutions and/or study programmes. In addition, there are also private accreditation organisations. We only mention and (in the case of diploma evaluations) consult accreditation organisations appointed by the government of that country. Read more about accreditation in the EAR manual.
Secondary education | boards
Students are educated at a school, but take their exams from a board. There are 2 types of boards:
- state boards, for example the board of the state of Punjab;
- central (national) boards.
India is divided into 28 states. Each state has 1 or more boards. Some states have separate boards for the lower and upper phases of secondary education.
There are 3 central boards:
- Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE);
- Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE);
- National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS).
The central boards set somewhat higher standards than the state boards. For this reason, diplomas issued by the central boards – as opposed to the state boards – can sometimes be compared to a diploma.
Pre-university education (voorbereidend wetenschappelijk onderwijs, VWO). A VWO diploma is awarded upon successful completion of a 6-year programme of pre-university education. VWO is the highest level of general secondary education available in the Netherlands.
Checking the recognition of boards
On the website of the Council of Boards of School Education (COBSE), you can find an overview of recognised boards.
Secondary education | diplomas
In secondary education, you should especially pay attention to whether a student has a diploma from a recognised board. We describe the board diplomas on our webpage about Indian primary and secondary education. You should also pay attention to the subjects that the student took. For more information, see Secondary education | study results.
Higher education | educational institutions
There are different types of higher education institutions in India:
- universities and university level institutions;
- colleges and similar institutions;
- stand-alone institutions.
Universities and university level institutions
Universities and university level institutions are allowed to award degrees, such as bachelors or masters. Types of institutions that fall into this category include:
- central universities;
- state universities;
- open universities (for distance learning);
- private universities;
- deemed universities (institutions with the status of a university);
- Institutes of National Importance;
- institutes under State Legislature Act;
- other institutions which are allowed to award degrees and are established on the basis of a State/Central Act or an Act of Parliament.
Checking the recognition of universities and university level institutions
- On the website of the University Grants Commission (UGC), you can find an overview of recognised universities and university level institutions.
- Is the institution not mentioned in the UGC overview? Then check if you can find the institution in the overviews of the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE).
- Is the institution not mentioned in the AICTE overviews either? Then this institution is probably not recognised.
Colleges and similar institutions offer education that is supervised by a university or university institution. There are 2 types of colleges:
- university colleges/constituent colleges (established by the university or university institution);
- affiliated colleges (affiliated with the university or university institution).
Among other things, the university or university institution determines the content of the study programmes and awards the official degrees. Neither type of college is allowed to do that itself. Colleges gain more independence if they are granted the autonomous status.
Both university/constituent colleges and affiliated colleges can be granted autonomous status. Autonomous colleges have greater independence than colleges without this status, for instance in terms of admission requirements and curricula. The university or university institution can apply for the autonomous status on behalf of colleges with the University Grants Commission (UGC). See the UGC website for the requirements for the autonomous status.
Autonomous colleges do, however, remain affiliated with the university or university institution, which also still awards the diplomas. The difference is that the name of the college also appears on the diploma.
Checking to which university a college is affiliated
Colleges are always affiliated to a university. You can check to which university a college is affiliated as follows:
- Check if the college is mentioned in the overviews of the UGC:
- In these overviews, it is usually stated to which university the college is affiliated.
- The next step is to check if the university itself is recognised. See 'Checking the recognition of universities and university level institutions' above.
- The university awards the official diplomas and lists of grades, not the college.
Stand-alone institutions are independent institutions that are not affiliated with a university or university institution. These can be technical educational institutions, such as polytechnics, teacher training institutes and nursning institutes. Stand-alone institutions are not permitted to award degrees, so students obtain other diplomas from them, such as a Diploma in General Nursing and Midwifery or a Post Graduate Diploma.
Checking the recognition of stand-alone institutions
For stand-alone institutions, please check the following information:
Higher education | top institutions
After checking if an education institution is recognised, it is important to check if an educational institution is a top institution. The level a diploma can depend on it. Top institutions are higher education institutions that have either:
- the Institute of National Importance status; or
- the highest NAAC accreditation level
Institutes of National Importance
Institutes of National Importance are institutions known for the high standard of education they provide. They only offer academic study programmes. The Indian government can grant this status to institutions. Well-known examples include the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and the National Institutes of Technology (NITs). Admission to these types of institutions is very competitive. . In this description, we refer to Institutes of National Importance as top institutions.
Checking if an institution has the Institute of National Imporance status
The Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) website provides an overview of all Institutes of National Importance.
NAAC accreditation level
An educational institution can also be a top institution if it has the highest NAAC accreditation level. In recent years, the NAAC has modified its assessment system multiple times. Therefore, a particular accreditation level may have been the highest in one year, but not in another. This information cannot be checked in the database, as it only states the current accreditation levels.
Checking the previous NAAC accreditation level
To check which level an educational institution had previously (on the date of graduation mentioned on a diploma), follow these steps:
- Open the NAAC accreditation database.
- Click on 'Previous Accreditation Details'.
- Find the institution (enter the name).
- Check the graduation date on the diploma.
- Check the NAAC accreditation level of the institution on the date of graduation.
- Check the starting date (EC date) of that specific NAAC accreditation level. The accreditation level is valid for 5 years.
- So please note: for example, in case of a diploma with a graduation date in 2015 and an EC date in 2013, the NAAC accreditation level is still valid on the graduation date.
- Check in the table below whether this was the highest NAAC accreditation level on the EC date. If so, the institution was a top institution on the graduation date.
|EC date||August 2001 - March 2002||April 2002 - March 2007||April 2007 - June 2016||July 2016 - Present|
|Highest accreditation level||A+++++ or 5||A++||A||A++|
Checking the current NAAC accreditation level
Would you like to check the current NAAC accreditation level of an educational institution?
- Open the NAAC accreditation database.
- Below 'Search By Institution Name/Aishe Id/Address', enter (a part of) the name of the educational institution.
- Click on 'Show Details'.
- If the educational institution is mentioned in the search results, do the following:
- Under 'View Details', click on 'View'.
- Next to 'Grade Sheet', click on 'Click Here'.
- A document mentioning the current NAAC accreditation level opens automatically. In this document, check which NAAC accreditation level the educational institution has.
- Is the NAAC accreditation level of the educational institution A++? In that case, the educational institution is a top institution at the moment.
- If the educational institution is not displayed in the search results, it probably is not accredited by NAAC at the moment. Consequently, it is not a top institution.
Higher education | study programmes
In some cases, you also have to check if an educational institutions is accredited for a specific study programme. You need to check this for:
- technical study programmes;
- distance-learning study programmes (distance education);
- study programmes for a regulated profession.
Checking the accreditation of technical study programmes
- Open the AICTE database.
- Look up the educational institution of the study programme.
- Under 'Course Details', click on 'Click here'.
- This provides an overview of the study programmes of this institution that are accredited by AICTE.
- Is the study programme not displayed in this overview? Then it is probably not accredited.
Distance-learning study programmes
Distance-learning study programmes must be accredited by the Distance Education Bureau (DEB). Sometimes an institution may only offer certain study programmes via distance learning. It is also possible that an institution may offer all study programmes via distance learning. The accreditation always has a limited period of validity.
Checking the accreditation of distance-learning study programmes
The DEB website provides an overview of accredited study programmes per institution.
Study programmes for a regulated profession
Study programmes for a regulated profession, such as doctor, nurse or teacher, must be accredited by a professional council. Professional councils are organisations that are affiliated to the UGC. Among others, they determine which educational institutions are allowed to offer study programmes for regulated professions.
Checking the accreditation for study programmes for a regulated profession
On the UGC website, you can find an overview of all professional councils. An overview of recognised institutions and/or recognised study programmes can always be found on the websites of the professional councils.