Secondary vocational education
Secondary vocational education in the Netherlands
Secondary vocational education (in Dutch: middelbaar beroepsonderwijs, MBO) prepares students for the professional practice or further study. This type of education follows on from VMBO. The of the MBO training will depend on the chosen level.
The official length of the full-time programme (not part-time) without study delay.
MBO consists of 4 different levels:
- Level 1 (assistant training, entreeopleiding) lasts 1 year and leads to an MBO diploma at level 1.
- Level 2 (basic vocational training, basisberoepsopleiding) lasts 2 years and leads to an MBO diploma at level 2.
- Level 3 (professional training, vakopleiding) lasts 3 years and leads to an MBO diploma at level 3.
- Level 4 (middle-management training, middenkaderopleiding) lasts 3 or 4 years and leads to an MBO diploma at level 4.
- Level 4 (specialist training, specialistenopleiding) lasts 1 year, is open to students who have completed a vocational or middle-management training, and leads to an MBO diploma at level 4.
MBO learning pathways
In addition to the levels and training described, MBO students can choose between 2 learning pathways:
- The school-based pathway (BOL) – students spend at least 20% and no more than 60% of their study programme working in the professional practice.
- The work-based pathway (BBL) – students spend at least 60% of their study programme working in the professional practice.
The professional practice makes up a key aspect of both pathways. Both pathways are leading to the same diploma.