The Nuffic Glossary is a list with explanations of terms used in Dutch education.
No English equivalent. This was the title traditionally awarded to university graduates in engineering, technology and agriculture. The abbreviation 'ir.' is written before the name. Since 1986 an ingenieur has been entitled to use the title 'Master', which is written after the name and abbreviated to 'MA'. Under the bachelor's-master's degree system, graduates of master's degree programmes can still choose to use this title if they wish.