• Country: United Kingdom, officially the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, abbreviated as UK. The United Kingdom is a group of islands that includes Great Britain (England, Wales, Scotland) and Northern Ireland.
  • History: at the beginning of the 20th century the United Kingdom was the most powerful country in the world. The British Empire consisted of many colonies and covered no less than 24% of all land on earth.
  • Responsible for education: in England, the Department for Education is responsible for education. In Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, responsibility for education has been delegated to the respective local Departments for Education. Legislation on education comprises various Education Acts. For example, the universities derive their powers from a Royal Charter or Act of Parliament.
  • Bologna process: bachelor's and master's degree programmes existed in the United Kingdom before the Bologna Process introduced them elsewhere in Europe. The UK has been a member of the Bologna Process and the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) since 1999. See also the page about the United Kingdom on the EHEA website.
  • International treaties: the United Kingdom signed the Lisbon Recognition Convention in 1997 and ratified it in 2003.
  • Ages compulsory education: ages 5-16 (18 in England).
  • Language of instruction: English.
  • School year: from August to May.
  • Academic year: from September to July.