Secondary education grading system

General and technical secondary education

General secondary schools and technical secondary schools use the following systems:

Numerical grade Letter grade 100-point system Meaning
5 A (85-100) Excellent
4 B (70-84) Good
3 C (55-69) Fair
2 D (45-54) Satisfactory
1 E (25-44) Unsatisfactory
0 F (0-24) Poor

Vocational secondary education

Schools for vocational secondary education use an assessment scale of 0-100, with a pass mark of 50 or higher.

Numerical grade Classification Meaning
0.0-49.99 Geçmez Fail
50.00-59.99 Geçer Pass
60.00-69.99 Orta Satisfactory
70.00-84.99 Iyi Good
85.00-100 Pek iyi Very good

Higher education grading system

Universities in Turkey use various grading scales:

  • 0-10 (5 or higher is satisfactory); or
  • 0-20 (10 or higher is satisfactory); or
  • 0-100 (50 or higher is satisfactory).

European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS)

Turkish higher education institutions use the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) for their degree programmes. This system is based on 60 credits for each year of study.

The standard requirements are:

  • 120 credits for a Ön Lisans Diploması (associate degree);
  • 240 credits for a Lisans Diploması (bachelor);
  • 90 or 120 credits for a Yüksek Lisans Diploması (master);
  • 180-240 credits for a Doktora Diploması (PhD).

You can find more information about the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) in the ECTS Users’ Guide, published by the European Commission.