• Accreditation: an organisation checks and assesses the quality of education. Usually the accreditation is valid for a certain period. In some countries, accreditation is mandatory, in others it is voluntary. The government of a country often appoints one or more organisations responsible for accrediting institutions and/or study programmes. In addition, there are also private accreditation organisations. We only mention and (in the case of diploma evaluations) consult accreditation organisations appointed by the government of that country. Read more about accreditation in the EAR manual.
  • Autonomous college: a higher education institution which is affiliated with or forms part of a university/university institution. The university/university institution awards the diplomas.
  • Board: a board with which secondary schools and some other institutions are affiliated. In secondary education, pupils must sit examinations administered by this board in several subjects in addition to their school examinations. The board awards the diplomas for the lower phase (Standard X diploma) and the upper phase (Standard XII diploma) of secondary education, but also for vocational education and training study programmes, for instance.
  • College: a higher education institution which is affiliated with or forms part of a university/university institution. The university/university institution awards the diplomas and grades lists.
  • Duration: the official length of the full-time programme (not part-time) without study delay.
  • EQF: European Qualifications Framework (EQF). Read more on the website of the European Union.
  • HAVO: senior general secondary education (hoger algemeen voortgezet onderwijs, HAVO). A HAVO diploma is awarded upon successful completion of a 5-year programme of general secondary education.
  • HBO: higher professional education (hoger beroepsonderwijs, HBO). Dutch higher education distinguishes between research-oriented higher education (wetenschappelijk onderwijs, WO) and higher professional education (hoger beroepsonderwijs, HBO). HBO is oriented more towards professions in specific areas than WO, and has traditionally been offered at universities of applied sciences (hogescholen).
  • MBO: senior secondary vocational education and training (middelbaar beroepsonderwijs, MBO). MBO prepares pupils for the professional practice or further study. This type of education follows on from VMBO; its duration will depend on the chosen qualification. MBO comprises 4 levels (I-IV). Read more on the website of SBB.
  • NLQF: Dutch Qualifications Framework (NLQF). Read more on the Nationaal Coördinatiepunt NLQF.
  • Postgraduate programme: a programme after completion of a programme in the 1st cycle of higher education, such as a bachelor’s degree programme.
  • Recognition: the government of a country grants an official status to an educational institution and/or study programme. Usually, if the government recognises an educational institution, all its study programmes are also recognised. However recognition may also be arranged at the programme level. This means that the government must recognise not only the educational institution, but also its study programmes. We only evaluate diplomas from recognised institutions and recognised study programmes. Read more about recognition in the EAR manual.
  • Regulated profession: a profession for which you must fulfill certain conditions in order to be allowed to practice it.
  • Top institution: a higher education institution with the highest NAAC accreditation level or with the Institute of National Importance status.
  • Transfer entitlement: the possibility to continue on to an advanced programme, in some cases with exemptions for several subjects or a certain period.
  • Undergraduate programme: a programme in the 1st cycle of higher education, such as a bachelor’s degree programme.
  • VMBO-T: preparatory vocational secondary education – theoretical programme (voorbereidend middelbaar beroepsonderwijs - theoretische leerweg, VMBO-T). A VMBO-T diploma is awarded upon successful completion of a 4-year programme of vocational secondary education (theoretical programme).
  • VWO: pre-university education (voorbereidend wetenschappelijk onderwijs, VWO). A VWO diploma is awarded upon successful completion of a 6-year programme of pre-university education. VWO is the highest level of general secondary education available in the Netherlands.
  • WO: research-oriented higher education (wetenschappelijk onderwijs, WO). Dutch higher education distinguishes between research-oriented higher education (wetenschappelijk onderwijs, WO) and higher professional education (hoger beroepsonderwijs, HBO). WO is oriented more towards theory and research than HBO, and has traditionally been offered at research universities (universiteiten).