There is no established nationwide assessment system for secondary education in India. The central boards and state boards make use of their own assessment systems. This system is often indicated on the reverse of the diploma and/or grades list.
In addition, the boards usually publish their assessment system on their website, for example in their syllabus. For instance, see the following websites:
- Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE); and
- Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE).
The boards sometimes use letter grades and associated percentages, but numbers and/or classifications are also used. The highest possible grade or where the line is drawn between a pass and fail grade can also vary depending on the subject.
The University Grants Commission (UGC) advises higher education institutions to use the following rating system:
While this system is in use at multiple institutions, it is not compulsory. Many institutions have developed their own assessment system.
Some institutions convert the results into classifications, which are indicated on the diploma in addition to the grades. The following is an example of such an classification system:
Instead of ‘Division’, the term ‘Class’ is also frequently used. Occasionally, classifications are not based on a percentage, but on the cumulative grade point average (CGPA). Information about the assessment system and/or classifications and how these are calculated can usually be found on the institution’s website. This information may also be found on the grades list (or the reverse thereof).